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Author Guidelines

The journal observes the 6th Edition of the American Psychological Association (APA) publication guidelines. Only papers with complete sections as specified by APA shall be accepted. Papers that have not been formatted according to APA guidelines and have severe grammar inconsistencies may be rejected or returned to the author/s for appropriate revisions. Please send an email to or for queries on the specific contents of a paper.

Generally, empirical papers should contain an abstract, introduction (with sufficient review of literature), methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion sections. Theoretical papers and reviews should follow the common conventions in writing these types of papers (see APA, 6th Edition).

All papers must not exceed 7000 words, excluding the references, notes, figures, and tables, and all pages must be numbered consecutively. Abstracts must be about 150 words. And include not more than 6 keywords after the abstract.

To observe the blind review process, manuscripts must be anonymized by deleting the author/s’ names, affiliations, acknowledgement, and any other portions of the manuscript that could identify the author/s.

The manuscript must be single-spaced, 12-point font (Calibri or Arial), and in one column; all tables and figures must be within the text not at the end of the manuscript; and the manuscript must be submitted in editable Microsoft Word file.

Spell out acronyms or unfamiliar abbreviations when these are mentioned for the first time in the text.

Use the equation editor in writing mathematical equations.

Format citations and references using APA 6th Edition. Use Author (Year) for in-text citations, for example:


  • This for van Dijk (1996) is an exercise of power in itself . . .
  • . . . language plays an important role in manifesting political wills and accompanying political actions (Kamalu&Agangan, 2011)
  • . . . studies (Horvath, 2009; Sarfo&Krampa, 2013; Abuya, 2012; Kamalu&Agangan, 2011; Ayeomoni&Akinkuolere, 2012) explore on analyzing presidential speeches.


Spell out all surnames of the authors for a cited paper which has 3-5 authors if mentioned for the first time, but write the name of the first author and use “et al. (Year)” for succeeding citations of the same paper, for example: Browne et al.,
(1999) or (Browne et al., 1999)  . However, use the latter style for a cited paper which has more than 5 authors regardless even if it is the first time to mention it on the text.


If quoting, include the page number in the citation and set the quotation in quotation marks or as an indented paragraph (if more than 40 words), for example:


  • . . .“if people are starving when this is objectively avoidable, then violence
    is committed” (Galtung, 1969: 172) even if there is no clear offender-victim contact.


References must be arranged alphabetically and according to the following formats:


  • Journal articles

Author (Year). Title. Journal Name, Volume(Issue Number), Pages.


Galtung, J. (1969). Violence, peace, and peace research. Journal of Peace
, 6(3), 167-191.


  • Books

Author (Year). Title. City, State: Publisher.


Gottfredson, M.R. & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.


  • Book Chapter

Author (Year). Title of the chapter. In Authors of the Edited Book, Title of the Book. City, State: Publisher.


Felson, M. (2008). Routine activity approach. In R. Wortley & L. Mazerolle (Eds), Environmental criminology and crime analysis. Portland, Oregon: Willan Publishing.


Publication Ethical Responsibilities


All forms of plagiarism whether intended, unintended, or self-plagiarism are not acceptable. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that submitted and published papers are free from plagiarized materials. Other works must be properly cited in the text. Authors must secure permission and submit evidence of such permission in publishing tables, graphs, or texts that have already been published in any format. The authors understand that the journal does not incur any liability (civil or criminal) arising from failure to follow this guideline, and the authors bear the sole responsibility for such.


Papers submitted to the journal must not have been published elsewhere or is simultaneously submitted to or currently under consideration in another journal. All authors of a single paper must have agreed to submit the paper to the journal and have agreed on the authorship of the paper and the responsibilities attached to it. Most importantly, authors must not fabricate their data.


The editorial board reserves the right to investigate any publication misconduct in the journal, following the guidelines set by University Publication Ethics Committee (UPEC). If found guilty beyond reasonable doubt,

  • The submitted paper shall be rejected and returned to the author;
  • An erratum will be published for published papers, or these papers be retracted; and/or
  • The direct supervisor and agency head of the author/s will be informed of such misconduct.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in PDF or Microsoft Word (1997-2003 version) document file format.
  3. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  4. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  5. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

The published paper's copyright will be trasnferred to Negros Oriental State University.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.